Eye infections that are left untreated for a long time may result into further health complications.
It is therefore important even for pregnant women to seek treatment in good time to avoid incurring extra costs on treatment and medication, or even harming the unborn child.
The assumption that most expectant mothers make is that only oral medications can affect the fetal development yet even topical medicines present just as much risk.
Allergic reactions such as red or itchy eyes are mostly treated using eye drops which sometimes contain steroids or histamine blockers.
So, can I use eye drops when pregnant?
Absorption into the body system
As much as the eye drops are not directly injected into the blood stream or orally consumed, a portion of the active ingredients is absorbed systematically into the body system.
This means that they can still affect the unborn child once they get absorbed into the blood stream.
Types of eye drops
Medications are generally classified into types A, B, C, D and X by the U.S Food and Drug Administration depending on how they can affect pregnancies.
Eye drops are also categorized in this manner. Those in category A have been tested and have been determined to have no effects on pregnancies.
It is interesting to note that no medications used to treat allergies have been placed in this category. Most of them actually fall into the B and C categories.
Category B eye drops are classified as such because no harmful effects have been observed during studies conducted in humans and animals even though similar studies have not been carried out on expectant women.
The allergy medicines placed in category C have been determined to be potentially harmful to pregnancies in studies conducted on animals.
What should you do?
It is important to take care of your unborn baby and that means taking medication that is not harmful to the fetal development.
The first three months of pregnancy are the most important because at that stage, the fetal development is very crucial and also delicate.
The best bet is usually to avoid allergens but if that is not possible, taking category B eye drops is advisable.
You can safely use them throughout the pregnancy. It’s also necessary to get advice from your doctor on the use of such medications even when making over-the-counter purchases.
You can therefore only use specific eye drops during pregnancy in order to avoid harming the baby.…